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Best Hearing Aids for Music of 2024: OTC & Rx Options

After reviewing over 40 modern hearing aids in an acoustic lab, we're ready to reveal the top performers. Grab a pair of headphones and see if you can hear the difference.
Expert review by Abram Bailey, AuD
Best hearing aids for music 2024 graphic

Streaming music over Bluetooth® is possible in most modern hearing aids. Here are our HearAdvisor lab review results for the best hearing aids when listening to music.

Looking for a hearing aid with decent music quality when streaming over Bluetooth? We tested over 40 modern hearing aids in an acoustic lab to reveal the winners (based on hard science).

Hearing Aid Vetting Experts
Over 100 hours

We've recorded over 100 hours of hearing aid audio in the lab.

40+ models tested

We've scientifically evaluated over 40 models, including OTC hearing aids.

5 leading experts

Our expert panel includes four audiologists (3 AuDs) and one PhD.

10 years of service

Working independently for consumers with hearing loss since 2013

Read more

The Problem with Music and Hearing Aids

If you wear hearing aids, you've probably noticed that music doesn't sound as good as you'd like. Most hearing aid users report that music sounds distorted—too sharp and lacking in bass.

This is not altogether surprising as hearing aids have traditionally focused on speech enhancement. They are first and foremost tools for maximizing communication. In developing the audio processing strategies and acoustical designs that work best for speech enhancement, engineers have had to make some unfortunate compromises for the music lovers among us.

Hearing aids have gotten better and better over the years, with user satisfaction keeping pace.6 In the last few years Bluetooth streaming from iPhone and Android has become commonplace. But, have manufacturers made any progress on improving the dreaded sound quality when streaming music?

The short answer is "not really"—there is no great hearing aid when it comes streaming music quality. The best hearing aids are just OK. But, if music streaming is important to you, you'll want to make sure you read this article to learn what hearing aid technologies can impact music quality, and how you can be a smart consumer when it comes to selecting and fine tuning your next all-day companion.

I also work as the Lab Director of HearAdvisor™, an independent scientific hearing aid vetting service. In the lab, we ran tests to find the absolute best hearing aids for streaming music quality. My recommendations are based on both HearAdvisor's scientific lab findings and my hands-on experience with these devices in my role as a product reviewer with HearingTracker. Continue reading to learn what hearing devices I liked best and why.

How Speech and Music Differ

Before we dive into technologies, let’s briefly look at the differences between speech and music. Figure 1 shows a ten-second clip of both speech in quiet and a typical rock song. These waveforms represent the sound's shape over time. The speech waveform (left) varies in volume having occasional pauses and louder peaked regions, such as at 3.6 seconds. Conversely, music tends to be much louder on average with less variation. This is to some extent the nature of music and instruments; however, we can also blame loudness competitions in the music industry (i.e., the “Loudness Wars”) driving our music to be less dynamic and more prone to distortions.

Musicspeech

Figure 1: Here you can see the waveforms of speech and music audio clips (left and right, respectively).

If we compare volume changes between the two, speech is generally regarded as having a dynamic range of 30 decibels (dB) while music can span the full range of our hearing system.2 Normal conversational speech also hovers around 65 dB and yelling can increase this level impressively to the low 80s. However, even with our greatest vocal effort we fall short of other musical instruments. (see Table 1 for examples of average sound levels).

Instrument Average sound level
Bass 80.5 dBA
Cello 88.6 dBA
Drum set 93.5 - 94.6 dBA
Flute 88.6 - 95.5 dBA
Saxophone 88.2 - 92 dBA
Violin 85.5 -87.8 dBA

Table 1: Average sound levels of various instruments (Adapted from Rawool, 2012, pg. 203).

Speech and music also vary in their frequency range. Speech is generally regarded as spanning from 250 to 8000 Hz, though the actual range is slightly broader, with frequencies around 2000 Hz contributing most to speech intelligibility.4 Music on the other hand can cover the entire range of our hearing from 20 to 20,000 Hz given the range of instruments available and various harmonics they produce. The spectrum, or overall frequency content, of the same speech and music files can be seen in Figure 2. Speech drops off below roughly 100 Hz and above 10,000 Hz. Again, the spectrum of the rock music can be seen spanning a broader range with much greater focus in the bass region around 100 Hz.

Musicspeechspectrum

Figure 2: Here the spectra, or sound energy across frequencies, for the same male voice and rock song are provided. Music can be seen spanning a broader range with greater energy in the lower frequencies.

Hearing Aids are Designed for Speech… Not Music

Now that we have highlighted some differences between speech and music, what are the specific challenges hearing aids face? Here are a few points and recall that these are not necessarily issues as many are designed to aid communication:

Digital Signal Processing (DSP): Hearing aids manipulate audio with various processes to improve audibility and the wearer's listening comfort. Some examples include wide dynamic range compression, beamforming directional microphones, digital noise reduction, and feedback reduction. There is considerable research supporting the benefits of such DSP for general use. However, they can cause undesirable distortions when listening to both live and recorded music.

Physical Style and Fit: Receiver-In-Canal (RIC) hearing aids are by far the most common. They typically leave the ear canal open in what's referred to as an "open fitting". With open hearing aids, sound can enter your ear in two ways, (1) through the hearing aid speaker and (2) naturally through the ear canal. Many people prefer open-fitting RICs as they are very comfortable and more natural sounding if your hearing loss is limited to the higher-frequencies. They also don't cause your own voice to become boomy when you speak (when bass tones are trapped in the ear by non-open hearing aids, this is referred to as "occlusion").

Ric Hearing Aid

A man positions the speaker from his RIC hearing aid into his ear canal. The plastic filament pointing down is a retention filament that is placed into the "bowl" of the ear to stop the speaker from working its way out of the ear.

The downside to open-fits is that they do not provide good music sound quality. The instant-fit ear tips used for open-fits offer minimal coupling to the ear canal and little-to-no occlusion below roughly 1000 Hz.3 Without good coupling we lose bass and mid frequencies leading to thin and tinny sounding music.

Speaker Type: Hearing aids use a special type of speaker known as a balanced armature (BA) driver. BA drivers are used because they are small, minimize battery usage, and are efficient at providing amplification for a typical age related high-frequency hearing loss. Other speakers like the dynamic drivers in your car are better for music reproduction though they are not used in traditional hearing aids. Some devices, such as Liberty 3 Pro by Soundcore, include both speaker types in their earbuds. Other devices are employing a newer micro-electro mechanical (MEMs) driver to expand output capabilities.

Streaming Protocols: Wireless audio streaming with Bluetooth continues to grow in popularity and has become an expected feature of most modern hearing aids. Made for iPhone (MFi) and Audio Streaming for Hearing Aids (ASHA) protocols provide many benefits to the hearing aid user though they tend to degrade the streamed audio signal by adding undesirable distortions and artifacts.5,7

Music Programs, Fine-Tuning, and Music Audiologists

Regardless of these barriers, hearing aid manufacturers are increasingly aware of the importance of music sound quality. New over-the-counter (OTC) hearing aids are also entering the market, providing more opportunities than ever for individuals with hearing loss. Most of these devices offer dedicated “Music Programs,” which adjust device settings to be more advantageous for music listening.

Audiologist Matthew Allsop, who specializes in treating musicians in his London-based audiology clinic, provides practical advice on optimizing your hearing aids for a better music experience.

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For example, hearing aid music programs generally disable automatic adjustments that may cause the volume and or sound quality to change intermittently. Compression settings and max peak output (MPO) may be modified to account for the louder volumes and more intense bursts of energy found in music. Feedback cancellation algorithms can also be turned off so instruments like flutes and clarinets do not confuse them causing unnecessary whistling.

Music programs can improve sound quality, but fine-tuning for your specific music needs should be considered.1 For example, you may prefer a more occluding ear-tip or custom earmold to get the most out of your hearing device. Speak with your hearing provider regarding your preferences, musical background, and specific listening needs. Lastly, consider your hearing health and whether your listening habits are potentially hazardous, causing further damage to your ears—loud sound levels are associated with an array of music-induced hearing disorders.

It is worth noting that some hearing providers specialize in this area, having both practical and theoretical knowledge of sound, musicality, and the industry. “Music Audiologists'' therefore offer the greatest opportunity to help optimize your hearing devices for music. If you schedule an appointment with a Music Audiologist, you will likely be asked to bring your instrument in-office for more pragmatic testing and troubleshooting.

Best Hearing Aids for Streamed Music, According to Science

After measuring background music streaming in over 40 products in the HearAdvisor acoustic lab, we've identified the top performers on the market in 2024. Here we present the top 2 products—a winner and runner up—from three product categories: (1) prescription hearing aids, (2) OTC hearing aids, and (3) speech-enhancing earbuds.

This is not a comprehensive list by any means, so be sure to check out the full list of winners, which includes devices from ReSound, Starkey, Bose, and more.

Streaming Capabilities For the Winners

Here we compare the key music streaming features offered by each device:

Hearing Aid Type iOS Android
🥇 Phonak Lumity Rx
🥈 Oticon Real Rx
🥇 Sony CRE-E10 OTC
🥈 Jabra Enhance Plus OTC
🥇 Sennheiser CCP Earbud
🥈 AirPods Pro 2 Earbud

Table 2: Best Hearing Aids for Music

How We Tested

HearAdvisor uses a custom built acoustic laboratory to measure hearing aid performance. Hearing aids are programmed based on a common age-related hearing loss and worn by an industry-standard acoustic manikin. Recordings are then made through microphones in the manikin’s ears, creating quasi-3D audio that emulates what it would sound like if you were wearing devices and streaming.

Hearadvisor Kemar

The KEMAR acoustic manikin wearing Lucid's Engage OTC hearing aids.

HearAdvisor evaluates streaming quality by playing audio (4 different music genres and one podcast) from a paired iOS smartphone. A calibration is performed prior to recordings so that the phone's streamed audio level is consistent across all tested devices, and recordings, at roughly 70 dB SPL. Once recordings are finished, music performance is measured using the Hearing Aid Audio Quality Index (HAAQI)9 which models the impaired auditory system and was designed to match subjective music sound quality ratings from individuals with hearing loss.10

Streamed Music Quality is one of five component metrics that HearAdvisor uses to evaluate hearing aid performance. All metrics are simplified using a 1 to 5 rating scheme, and averaged across both their Initial and Tuned Protocols, creating a single number representative of a device's overall performance—the HearAdvisor SoundScore™. Higher numbers denote a better SoundScore and top-performers receive an Expert Choice Badge—giving a clear stamp of approval for the best products tested.

Best Prescription Hearing Aid for Music: Phonak Lumity

After testing over 40 modern hearing aids in HearAdvisor's acoustic lab, Phonak Audéo Lumity emerged as the top performing prescription device. The device received the highest score on the The HAAQI (described above) of any prescription device tested.

Phonak Audéo Lumity

4 stars stars
8 reviews

Listed prices are for a pair of hearing aids in US dollars unless otherwise specified. Prices may change over time, and may vary by region.

Streaming
With device

Audéo Lumity is the latest addition to the Phonak hearing aid line offering advanced speech enhancement features (it performed extremely well in our background noise tests), health data tracking, rechargeability, wireless control, and more. It is a traditional hearing aid requiring assistance from a hearing provider and is currently only available in a series of receiver-in-canal (RIC) form factors.

Audéo Lumity offers many opportunities to improve music sound quality through physical and programming adjustments. Each Lumity RIC can pair with an array of instant-fit and custom ear tips. And your hearing provider can fine-tune the signal processing within the professional software to maximize sound quality.There's also a dedicated music program that you can tweak in the MyPhonak app.

Audéo Lumity was also chosen due to its performance in the HearAdvisor lab as it was a top-performer in the traditional hearing aid category. Both the initial and tuned fitting protocols received a 4.1 out of 5 for streamed music sound quality.

Phonak Lumity

Phonak Lumity hearing aids.

What I Love About Lumity

Highly Customizable: Traditional hearing aids like Lumity offer the greatest range of physical and programming adjustments. This optimizes your chances of finding desirable settings without compromise, especially if you work with a Music Audiologist for fine-tuning.
Wireless Connectivity: Lumity offers Bluetooth streaming and hands-free calling for both iOS and Android devices.
Versatile Features: While not related to music Lumity offers many useful features such as health data tracking and tinnitus features which can be controlled in the MyPhonak app.
Performance in Background Noise: Lumity was the runner up prescription device in HearAdvisor's speech-in-noise lab tests.

Drawbacks

Not a Self-Fit Option: While not necessarily a con, Lumity is fit by hearing provider and requires you to visit a doctors office. There is no self-fit option available. 
Expensive:The price of Phonak Lumity reflects its flagship status. Some may prefer a lower-cost hearing solution.

Runner Up: Oticon Real

Those interested in an alternative to Phonak Lumity might also consider Oticon Real. Real is another prescription RIC hearing aid with great music streaming and a similar feature set. Real performed similarly in terms of streamed audio quality and actually performed marginally better than Lumity on speech-in-noise testing.

Oticon Real

3.5 stars stars
4 reviews

Listed prices are for a pair of hearing aids in US dollars unless otherwise specified. Prices may change over time, and may vary by region.

Streaming
With device

Best OTC Hearing Aid for Music: Sony CRE-E10

The Sony CRE-E10 offers excellent sound quality thanks to a more occluding fit. Music and other streamed audio are full and immersive, more akin to “prosumer” earbuds or headphones. It is no surprise that CRE-E10 performed very well in the HearAdvisor lab, receiving a 4.2 and 4.0 out of 5 for streamed music quality (initial and tuned protocols, respectively).

Sony CRE-E10

4 stars stars
3 reviews

Listed prices are for a pair of hearing aids in US dollars unless otherwise specified. Prices may change over time, and may vary by region.

Streaming
With device

We found the CRE-E10 to be an impressive product offering the combined benefits of both a hearing aid and an advanced earbud. The product received a SoundScore of 5 from HearAdvisor, making it the overall top-performer of all devices.

The CRE-E10s are designed for everyday use and, while there is no dedicated music program, they should adjust automatically per your listening environment.

Sony CRE-E10

Sony CRE-E10 on the review bench.

The CRE-E10s also offers wireless control with the Hearing Control app, rechargeability, noise reduction, directional microphones, and audio streaming (currently only available for iOS). The app includes a multi-band equalizer that can help tune the sound quality to your preferences.

What I Love About Sony CRE-E10

Customizable: The Hearing Control App can be used by you or your hearing provider to fine-tune CRE-E10 for audio quality.
Full Sound Quality: CRE-E10 offers a more occluding fit, resulting in fuller sound reproduction.
Comfortable: I liked how light and comfortable CRE-E10 were in my ears. Wireless connection and overall use was also straightforward with my iOS mobile device.
Top Performer at HearAdvisor: Sony CRE-E10 is currently the top performer among all devices tested by HearAdvisor.
All-Day Battery Life: Sony states that CRE-E10 will last up to 26 hours of general use, 23 with 2 hours of streaming, before needing to be recharged. This is impressive given their relatively small size.
App Control: The Hearing Control app also offers many adjustments such as a multi-band equalizer that can help tune the sound quality to your preferences.

Drawbacks

No Android Support: Wireless streaming with CRE-E10 is currently limited to iOS devices. 
Your Ears May Feel Plugged: Some may not like the “plugged” feal of an in-the-ear style device. The non-custom fit may also lead to poor retention for some people. 
Expensive: CRE-E10 is expensive, being priced similar to some prescription hearing aids. While these devices are impressive, for the same price it’s fair to say some people will do better seeing a “best-practices” audiologist to be fit with traditional devices. 
No Physical Buttons: I was quite shocked to learn that CRE-E10 does not have any physical buttons or touch controls. While they adjust automatically per environment, changes can only be made within the Hearing Control app.

Runner Up: Jabra Enhance Plus

Jabra, another reputable name in consumer electronics, offers Enhance Plus which is a worthwhile consideration in the OTC self-fit category. Enhance Plus is no slouch when it comes to sound quality, features, and wireless control, and fine-tuning capabilities. Unfortunately, there is still only iOS support and both the battery life and waterproofer and not as impressive as the CRE-E10. 

Jabra Enhance Plus

4 stars stars
1 review

Listed prices are for a pair of hearing aids in US dollars unless otherwise specified. Prices may change over time, and may vary by region.

Streaming
With device

Best Advanced Earbud for Music: Sennheiser Conversation Clear Plus

Sennheiser’s Conversation Clear Plus are advanced earbuds designed to improve speech understanding in noisy environments. However, do not let the quasi-hearing aid status fool you. Sennheiser holds true to their name offering a fantastic music listening experience.

Sennheiser Conversation Clear Plus

2.5 stars stars
2 reviews

Listed prices are for a pair of hearing aids in US dollars unless otherwise specified. Prices may change over time, and may vary by region.

Streaming
With device

Bluetooth streaming is supported for both iOS and Android devices alongside features such as automatic adjustments, active noise cancellation (ANC), speech enhancement, beamforming microphones, and wireless app control. It is worth highlighting that Clear Plus are not hearing aids; prescription and OTC devices exist for those in need of more comprehensive hearing assistance.

Conversation Clear Plus Pro

Conversation Clear Plus Pro on the review bench.

Conversation Clear Plus was unrivaled in the HearAdvisor™ lab for streamed music, setting the bar in this category (5 out of 5). It is also the lab's highest-scoring advanced earbud to date. My hands-on experience with Clear Plus reflected this, and I found their audio performance a tier above expectation for hearing aid, and hearing aid like, devices. This is a testament to Sennheisers’s lineage in pro-audio and Sonova’s prowess in hearing healthcare solutions (the former was acquired by Sonova in 2022).

What I Love About Conversation Clear Plus

Bluetooth Audio Streaming: Conversation Clear Plus offers impressive bluetooth audio streaming for both iOS and Android devices. 
Advanced Noise Reduction Features: The Active Noise Cancellation (ANC) and Active Occlusion Cancellation (AOC) pairs well with their audio streaming. 
Customizable Settings: The sound settings can be easily customized by you or an hearing provider to optimize music quality. 
Impressive Speech Clarity: Clear Plus also offers effective speech enhancement in noise (we tested it).

Drawbacks

Expensive for Advanced Earbuds: The price of Clear Plus ($850/pair) is disappointing as it is not very accessible and sets them above the average cost of earbuds. 
Less Discrete: Clear Plus are larger in size, and therefore more visible, than some other earbuds.
Advanced Earbuds, Not Hearing Aids: Conversation Clear Plus are not hearing aids meaning there is no remote-assistance, on-ear hearing assessment, or ability to upload audiogram data. While they can be used to improve speech clarity, they will not work for those with significant hearing loss.
Poor Waterproofing: Conversation Clear Plus have a lower IP rating (x4) meaning they will be more susceptible to moisture and debris complications.

Runner Up: Apple AirPods 2

Those interested in an alternative to Sennheiser Conversation Clear Plus should consider Apple Airpods Pro 2. They also offer excellent streamed audio quality receiving a 4.4 out of 5 in the HearAdvisor™ lab. What’s more, they can be purchased for less than $200 putting them at a more realistic price-point for advanced earbuds. Airpods also offer desirable health tracking and hearing features through iOS devices.

Apple AirPods Pro 2

4 stars stars
2 reviews

Listed prices are for a pair of hearing aids in US dollars unless otherwise specified. Prices may change over time, and may vary by region.

Streaming
With device

Which Product Should I Choose?

The best hearing aid for music streaming ultimately depends on your specific needs and preferences. Whether you prioritize prescription-grade customization, OTC convenience, or advanced earbud features, there is a suitable option available for everyone. Make sure to consider your individual requirements and budget when selecting the ideal device to enhance your music listening experience.

Music, Occlusion, and Bass

It is worth noting that HearAdvisor programs devices based on industry standards for optimizing speech performance. Music Streaming scores therefore do not reflect the devices being specifically adjusted for music sound quality. It is likely that all devices would perform and score differently if settings, and physical properties, were tuned for music listening. However, this would generally require changes that may compromise both speech performance and user comfort. As this is unlikely for the average person, HearAdvisor provides scores based on the predominant approach to hearing aid programming.

This begs the question, what are some changes that would benefit music sound quality? To put it simply, more bass. We have all heard car-rattling subwoofers and the explosive “booms” commonplace at theaters. As it turns out, even individuals with hearing loss find good low-frequency representation, or bass, important when judging music sound quality11. There are many factors at play but bass remains a top priority.

Eargo 7 Turntable Pair

Eargo 7 hearing aids on my record player after a listening experiment.

While modern hearing aids are capable of doing this, audiologists tend to minimize bass for several reasons. One good example is user comfort. Occlusion, or a good ear canal seal, is required for hearing aids to provide bass and this can inadvertently cause a “barrel” or “echo” like sound quality when you speak. This is the result of low-frequency buildup in your ear canal and is a common complaint among hearing aid users13. If this isn’t making sense, plug your ears and voice the “e” sound.

This tradeoff between comfort and music sound quality is important and HearAdvisor offers metrics for both Streamed Music Quality and My Own Voice for this reason. Devices that offer more occlusion, either due to their default configuration or manufacturer recommendations, tend to score better for Music Quality. Table 3 below shows the ear tips used for all devices listed in this review and the resulting occlusion, seen here as real-ear occluded insertion gain (REOIG)12, is provided in Figure 3.

Device Setup Music Score
Sennheiser CCP Closed ear tips 5.0
Airpods Pro 2 Closed ear tips 4.4
Oticon Real Bass dome double vent 4.2
Sony CRE-E10 Closed sleeve 4.2
Phonak Lumity Power dome 4.1
Jabra Enhance Plus Closed EarGels 3.8
Lexie B2 Open dome 2.3
Lucid Engage Open dome 2.2
Jabra Enhance Select Open dome 1.7

Table 3: Ear tips used for testing in HearAdvisor's Initial protocol. Ear tips are chosen based on default configurations (OTC) or manufacturer recommendations (Rx). When configured with open domes, products typically have lower music scores.

Hearing Aid Occlusion

Figure 3: Here we plot the real-ear occluded insertion gain (REOIG) averaged between both the left and right ears. This can also be thought of as insertion loss, or the amount of sound reduction observed in the ear canal when a device is being worn.

As previously mentioned, music sound quality and own voice comfort tend to have an opposite relation. Devices like the Phonak Lumity receiver-in-the canal hearing aid were rather occluding due to the fitting software recommending an unvented double flange power dome (black line in Figure 3). While this helped Phonak’s Streamed Quality score, it resulted in a lower My Own Voice score (0.9 out of 5). This trend can be seen in Figure 4 across various devices tested by HearAdvisor. 

Music Score Vs Own Voice Score

Figure 4: Here we see a plot from HearAdvisor’s database showing the relation between My Own Voice and Streaming Music Quality Score. Each dot represents a different device's performance and a clear trend can be seen where better scores for the Own Voice Metric (closer to 5) are also associated with lower Streamed Music scores. The inverse is also true, supporting that devices with more occlusion will have better bass frequency response making them (1) better for music but also (2) less comfortable when speaking.

Attention Musicians and Music Fans

If you are reading this, it is likely that music is a pastime, passion, and or career. Be mindful of the hazards loud sound exposures pose on our hearing system and practice safe listening. Sound induced hearing damage is irreversible and commonly associated with other hearing disorders such as tinnitus. Fortunately, this type of hearing loss is almost completely preventable with education and minor effort—this holds true for those who have existing hearing loss and wish to preserve their ears. Here’s a short list to this ends:

  • Speak with a Music Audiologist and have them perform a hearing evaluation to (1) set a baseline and (2) monitor your hearing going forward.
  • Purchase quality earplugs and use them. We've tested and reviewed top musician's earplugs.
  • Fight the urge to listen at loud volumes and work to decrease your exposures to those that are excessive.

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  • Use the iOS Health app to monitor your streamed listening levels and adjust accordingly.
  • Use a sound level meter (SLM) app such as NIOSH SLM to check your exposures in loud environments. Apple Watch offers similar warning features.
  • Be aware that there are many situations where hearing devices should be removed to reduce exposures to loud sounds. Hearing aids, when programmed properly, will not damage your hearing. However, they will not protect you from hazardous sound levels.

References

  1. Chasin M. (2021). Three distinct hearing aid programs for music? Hearing Review, 28(8):16.
  2. Chasin, M., & Russo, F. A. (2004). Hearing aids and music. Trends in Amplification, 8(2), 35-47.
  3. Cubick, J., Caporali, S., Lelic, D., Catic, J., Damsgaard, A. V., Rose, S., ... & Schmidt, E. (2022). The Acoustics of Instant Ear Tips and Their Implications for Hearing-Aid Fitting. Ear and Hearing, 43(6), 1771-1782.
  4. French NR, Steinberg JC. (1947). Factors governing the intelligibility of speech sounds. JASA. 19(1).
  5. Hoel, R., & Motos, T. (2011, October). Challenges in 2.4 GHz wireless audio streaming. In Audio Engineering Society Convention 131. Audio Engineering Society.
  6. Kochkin, S. (2010). MarkeTrak VIII: Consumer satisfaction with hearing aids is slowly increasing. The Hearing Journal, 63(1), 19-20. 
  7. Kuk, F., Crose, B., Korhonen, P., Kyhn, T., Mørkebjerg, M., Rank, M. L., ... & Ungstrup, M. (2010). Digital wireless hearing aids, Part 1: A primer. Hearing Review, 17(3), 54-67. 
  8. Rawool, V. W. (2012). Hearing conservation: In occupational, recreational, educational, and home settings. Thieme, 2012.
  9. Kuk, F., Keenan, D., & Lau, C. C. (2009). Comparison of vent effects between a solid earmold and a hollow earmold. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 20(08), 480-491.
  10. Kates, J. M., & Arehart, K. H. (2015). The hearing-aid audio quality index (HAAQI). IEEE/ACM transactions on audio, speech, and language processing, 24(2), 354-365.
  11. Arehart, K. H., Kates, J. M., & Anderson, M. C. (2011). Effects of noise, nonlinear processing, and linear filtering on perceived music quality. International Journal of Audiology, 50(3), 177-190.
  12. Dillon H. (2012). Hearing Aids. Thieme.
  13. Jenstad, L. M., Van Tasell, D. J., & Ewert, C. (2003). Hearing aid troubleshooting based on patients' descriptions. Journal of the American Academy of Audiology, 14(07), 347-360.

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Steve Taddei

Doctor of Audiology

Dr. Steve Taddei is a licensed audiologist in Rockford, Illinois. He hosts and produces the Hearing Tracker Podcast and is a professor at several institutions proctoring courses in acoustics, hearing conservation, and audio arts. Additionally, he remains an active member in the music and audio engineering community. Whether speaking to students or consumers of hearing technology, he aims to promote self-advocacy and increase hearing health awareness. In his free time, he enjoys woodworking, mountain biking, and playing guitar.